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MEASURES THAT SHOULD BE TAKEN IN THE WORKPLACES UNDER THE PANDEMIC MANAGEMENT AND WORKING GUIDE OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH -PRODUCTION FACILITIES

Jun 12, 2020 Latest News by kornar

Within the scope of the normalization process started upon the gradual decrease of the effects of coronavirus which shows its effects in our country and in the world and many business organizations have started to work again. In this process, measures to be taken in the work areas are very important for the protection of both customers and employees.

Within the scope of the guide, the measures to be taken in the Industry and Production Facilities besides Food Sector are also specified. Business organizations that should be accepted in this context and business lines specified in Non-Food Industry and Production businesses may be counted as follows: Weaving (Textile) Industry, Leather and Clothing Industry, Mining Industry, Automotive and Hardware Industry, Automobile, Truck and Bus Factories, Locomotive and Wagon Factories, Shipyards, War Industry, Chemical Industry (Petrochemical, Pharmaceutical, Tire, Fertilizer). The measures to be taken for these businesses are as follows:

  • Posters regarding the measures that should be taken within the scope of COVID-19 should be hung at the entrance and other visible places of the business organizations. Hand antiseptic should be kept in easily accessible areas.
  • Guests should not be accepted to business organizations.
  • A work plan should be arranged in a way to protect the social distance in the business organizations and it should be ensured that the employees comply with the social distance rule.
  • It should be ensured that personnel wear masks. The mask should be changed when it is moistened or dirty and hand antiseptic should be used while changing.
  • Trainings should be provided for the employees about COVID-19, possible ways of transmission and prevention measures.
  • A responsible person should be determined in the business organizations in order to control COVID-19. This person should preferably be a physician or healthcare staff determined by the “Occupational Health and Safety Board”. In cases where this condition cannot be met, an employee determined by the employer or his representative should be informed and assigned about COVID-19 disease.
  • There should be at least 1 meter of social distance between the employees.
  • Hand hygiene should be paid attention to, hands should be washed frequently. In the absence of soap and water, alcohol-based hand antiseptic should be used if there is visible contamination.
  • Soaps should be kept in washbasins and alcohol-based antiseptics should be kept in easily accessible areas.
  • If the work does not require the use of gloves, gloves should not be used to be protected against COVID-19. The use of gloves can create an unnecessary sense of confidence by reducing the frequency of hand washing and it increases the risk of virus infection by hands.
  • It should be ensured that employees change their clothes used at the workplace daily.
  • Employees should have a fever measurement at the entrance gate. Those with a fever higher than 38oC should not be let inside. Employees who have symptoms of fever, cough, runny nose and shortness of breath should be directed to the healthcare institutions for an evaluation in terms of COVID-19 by COVID-19 responsible of the business organization while wearing a medical mask.
  • When there is an employee diagnosed with COVID-19 in the business organization, the Provincial/District Health Directorate should be informed by the organization’s COVID-19 responsible.
  • All kinds of convenience should be provided to the personnel of the Provincial/District Health Directorate for contact tracking.
  • According to the COVID-19 guide; the return of the staff diagnosed with COVID-19 to work should be carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Provincial/District Health Directorate.

Security Guards;

  • It is recommended that security guards should be placed in glazed cabinets to reduce the possibility of face-to-face contact. If there is no such opportunity, arrangements should be made to provide at least 1-meter distance between the entrants and security guards. If there is more than 1-meter distance, only wearing a medical mask will be sufficient.
  • If the body search will be performed, there is a possibility of close contact less than 1 meter. Medical masks and goggles/face protectors should be worn. This equipment is personal.
  • If there is no visible contamination due to body secretions, gloves should not be used. Hand hygiene should be provided.
  • Training on proper use of personal protective equipment should be provided. First the mask, then the glasses/face protector should be worn, first the glasses/face protector and then the mask should be removed, while removing.
  • The equipment specified above should be used without interruption during the time the employee is actively working. Masks should be replaced with new ones as they get moist and dirty.
  • Proper hand hygiene should be maintained each time after wearing and removing the personal protective equipment. Hands should be washed with water and soap for at least 20 seconds or hand antiseptic should be used.
  • Gloves should be used correctly. Since unchanged gloves will cause microbial contamination, attention should be paid to not touching around and to maintain hand hygiene.
  • If the responsible leaves his place to rest (tea, food, etc.), the mask and gloves should be taken off and discarded in a proper double pouch. Glasses/face protector should be cleaned with 70% alcohol for preparation for next use.
  • New masks and gloves should be used when returning to the working area.

Business Organization’s Environment;

  • Business organizations should be cleaned regularly every day. Especially attention should be paid to the cleaning of frequently woven surfaces (escalator belts, door handles, telephone handsets, table surfaces etc.). For this purpose, 1/10 diluted (half a small tea glass to 5 litres of water) bleach (Sodium hypochlorite Cas No: 7681-52-9) may be used for disinfection after cleaning with water and detergent. Chlorine compounds may form corrosion on the surfaces. It is a recommended disinfectant for durable surfaces. 1/10 diluted bleach (Sodium hypochlorite Cas No: 7681-52-9) should be used for toilet disinfection. Disinfection should be provided by wiping with 70% alcohol for the computer keyboards, telephone and other device surfaces, which are not suitable for cleaning with chlorine compounds. Methods such as ULV, ozone and disinfection tunnel should not be used for disinfection in business organizations.
  • It should be ensured that cleaning personnel wear medical masks and gloves. After cleaning, the personnel should take off their masks and gloves and throw them in the litter bin at the workplace, wash their hands with water and soap for at least 20 seconds and use alcohol-based hand antiseptics in the absence of soap and water.
  • Disposable paper towels should be placed in the toilets and hand dryers with air should not be operated.
  • The carpets in the masjid should be cleaned with water and detergent and attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the places where the masjid is and the ablution is performed, if any. Disposable paper towels should be used and hand dryers with air should not be operated in the places where the ablution is performed. Masjids should be ventilated.
  • Business organizations should have frequent ventilation by opening doors and windows, if any.
  • Factories and other production facilities with central ventilation systems should be ventilated effectively and from outside. Controls and changes of the filters of the ventilation system should be carried out regularly. Air conditioning systems other than central ventilation systems should not be used.
  • Windows of the resting areas and workplace toilets of business organizations should be kept open. There is no need for environmental disinfection with UV device in the business organizations.

Waste Management;

  • When there are people diagnosed with COVID-19 in the business organizations, the wastes belonging to these people shall be thrown into domestic wastes with double bags.
  • Personal protective equipment used by employees should be disposed of in domestic waste.
  • It should be proceeded in accordance with the COVID-19 waste management document of Ministry of Health.

In Packaging Areas;

  • Hand antiseptic should be kept in easily accessible areas.
  • It should be ensured that personnel wear masks and comply with social distance rules.

In Lifts;

  • Usage should be limited.
  • One third of the capacity should be allowed to use at the same time and this number should be stated at the entrance of the lift.
  • The areas where people should stand in the elevator should be determined with a mark.

In Dining Halls;

  • Hand antiseptic should be kept at the entrances.
  • At least 1 meter (preferably 2 meters) should be kept between tables and chairs.
  • Eating times should be determined according to the groups, and if possible, the same people should be allowed to eat at the same table. Similar rules should be paid attention to for tea drinking breaks.
  • If possible, meals and drinks should be distributed in the form of victualling.
  • Arrangements that allow the application of personal hygiene rules such as washing hands with plenty of water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after meals and drying hands with disposable towels should be made.
  • Materials such as spices, toothpicks, salt, spoons, forks, knives, glasses, etc. should be provided as disposable.
  • Dining hall personnel should act in accordance with personal hygiene rules and wear masks.
  • Masks should be worn at the table besides eating and drinking.

In Resting Areas and Changing Rooms;

  • Hand antiseptic should be kept at the entrances.
  • Arrangements should be made to ensure social distance.
  • Tea drinking breaks should be grouped and have at different times.
  • Ventilation should be done frequently.
  • Cleaning should be done with water and detergent especially on frequently woven surfaces.
  • Necessary arrangements should be made for work clothes and daily clothes of the personnel to be kept in a way that they do not come into a contact with others.

In Dormitories;

  • Hand antiseptic should be kept at the entrances.
  • Social distance should be maintained, beds or bunk beds should be placed at least 1 meter apart. For the ones which are side by side, they should be placed in the form of a head, a footwear.
  • Regular and adequate ventilation should be provided.
  • Adequate number of toilets/bathrooms should be provided according to the number of employees.

In Bathrooms and Showers;

  • Social distance rule should be paid attention to.
  • Use of sensors should be encouraged for shower faucets, faucets, soap dispensers etc.
  • Shower and toilets should be planned to be disinfected frequently, if possible after each use.
  • Water, liquid soap, toilet paper, paper towels and garbage bin should be available in toilets and sinks.
  • Shower, cabin and toilets should be ventilated frequently by opening doors and windows.

In Masjids;

  • It is recommended not to use masjids if possible, considering the possibility of virus infection while the pandemic continues.
  • Hand antiseptic should be kept at the entrances.
  • Masks should be worn while entering and masks should not be removed during prayer.
  • Time prayers should be made individually. The crowd should not be created.
  • Social distance rules should be complied with during ablution and prayer.
  • All the books in the masjid should be in lockers, common use should be prevented.
  • Common products such as prayer beads, skullcap, wrench etc. should be removed.
  • Prayer rug should be personal.
  • The masjid should be cleaned at least once a day and frequently ventilated.

In Shuttle Vehicles;

  • Vehicles should be cleaned with water and detergent, especially the frequently woven surfaces.
  • Hand antiseptic should be kept at the entrances.
  • Drivers and employees should wear masks.
  • Transportation capacity should be planned according to social distance.
  • It should be ensured that the seats next to the employees are empty and not to be seated in a row but in a diagonal way.
  • Cleaning should be done after each trip.
  • In the case the shuttle is an ambulance, the rules stated under the COVID-19 Guide of the Ministry of Health apply for the disinfection of the ambulance.

FOR MORE DETAILS , CONSULT THE ARTICLE’s WRITER

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